Brazil has a reciprocal visa system, so if your home country requires Brazilian nationals to secure a visa, then you’ll need one to enter Brazil. US, Canadian and Australian citizens need visas, but UK, New Zealand, French and German citizens do not. You can check your status with the Brazilian embassy or consulate in your home country.
If you do need a visa, arrange it beforehand. Visas are not issued on arrival; and you won’t be permitted into the country without it. Tourist visas are issued by Brazilian diplomatic offices. They are valid upon arrival in Brazil for a 90-day stay and are renewable in Brazil for an additional 90 days. In most Brazilian embassies and consulates, visas are processed in five to 10 days. You will need to present one passport photograph, a round-trip or onward ticket (or a photocopy of it) and a valid passport. If you decide to return to Brazil, your visa is valid for anywhere from one year (for Australians) to 10 years (for Americans). Each visit, however, you are allowed only a 90-day stay (or 180 days max if you renew it). Multiple visits are allowed, but you may only stay a total of 180 days each year.
The fee for visas is also reciprocal. It’s usually between US$35 and US$65, though for US citizens visas cost US$160.
Applicants under 18 years of age wanting to travel to Brazil must also submit a notarized letter of authorization from a parent or legal guardian.
Entry & Exit Card
On entering Brazil, all tourists must fill out an entry/exit card (cartão de entrada/saida); immigration officials will keep half, you keep the other. Don’t lose this card! When you leave Brazil, the second half of the entry/exit card will be taken by immigration officials. They will also stamp your passport, and if for some reason they are not granting you the usual 90-day stay in Brazil, the number of days will be written beneath the word Prazo (Period) on the stamp in your passport.
Travelers entering Brazil can bring in 2L of alcohol, 400 cigarettes and one personal computer, video and still camera. Newly purchased goods worth up to US$500 are permitted duty-free. Meat and cheese products are not allowed.